Effects of Water Vapor, Molecular Oxygen and Temperature on the Photocatalytic Degradation of Gas-Phase VOCs using $TiO_2$Photocatalyst: TCE and Acetone

  • Kim, Sang-Bum (Department of Chemical Engineering, Korea University) ;
  • Jo, Young-Min (Department of Environmental Science and Engineering, Kyunghee University) ;
  • Cha, Wang-Seong (Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering Kunsan Natil University)
  • Published : 2001.05.01

Abstract

Recent development of photocatalytic degradation method that is mediated by TiO$_2$ is of interest in the treatment of volatile organic compounds(VOCs). In this study, trichloroethylene(TCE) and acetone were closely examined in a batch scale of photo-reactor as a function of water vapor, oxygen, and temperature. Water vapor inhibited the photocatalytic degradation of acetone, while there was an optimum concentration in TCE. A lower efficiency was found in nitrogen atmosphere than air, and the effect of oxygen on photocatalytic degradation of acetone was greater than on that of TCE. The optimum reaction temperature on photocatalytic degradation was about 45$^{\circ}C$ for both compounds. NO organic byproducts were detected for both compounds under the present experimental conditions. It was ascertained that the photocatalytic reaction in a batch scale of photo-reactor was very effective in removing VOCs such as TCE and acetone in the gaseous phase.