A Study of Board Function Effectiveness and Organizational Performance in Korean Community Chest Organizations

복지 비영리 조직의 이사회 기능 효과성과 조직성과에 관한 연구 : 한국사회복지 공동모금회를 중심으로

  • Published : 2001.03.30

Abstract

Little empirical study has been conducted concerning board function effectiveness and organizational performance in nonprofit nongovernmental human service organizations in Korea. Using the evaluations of 107 board members and 17 executive directors in Korean Community Chest and 16 regional community chests, this study attempted to examine the level of board function effectiveness and its relationship with organizational performance in these community chests. This study used board function scale developed by Holland and Jackson (1998) to measure board function effectiveness in the following 6 dimensions: contextual dimension: educational dimension: interpersonal dimension: analytical dimension: political dimension: and strategic dimension. This study showed that using 4 points scale, mean of overall board function effectiveness evaluated by board members is 2.62 and mean of overall board function effectiveness evaluated by executive directors is 2.73. That is, it showed that means of overall board function effectiveness are located in the middle point between negative evaluation and positive evaluation. On the other hand, using parametric correlation analysis method, it was found that in these community chests the association between board function effectiveness and organizational performance measured by fund-raising growth rate in $1999{\sim}2000\;and\;1998{\sim}2000$ is very weak and statistically nonsignificant. This study also revealed that using nonparametric correlation analysis method, the association between consensus level in evaluation by board members and executive directors about board function effectiveness, and organizational performance is still very weak and statistically nonsignificant. Finally, this study discussed the direction of future research in board function effectiveness and its relationship with organizational performance and the areas of board management that requires substantial efforts for promoting effectiveness of nonprofit human service organizations in Korea.

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