Effect of High Hydrostatic Pressure on the Quality of Chinese Cabbage Kimchi

초고압 처리가 배추김치의 품질특성에 미치는 영향

  • 김동원 (연세대학교 생명공학과) ;
  • 박석준 (연세대학교 생명공학과) ;
  • 박지용 (연세대학교 생명공학과)
  • Published : 2001.10.01


Effects of high hydrostatic pressure on pH, titratable acidity, color, hardness and microorganisms of Chinese Cabbage Kimchi were investigated. Kimchi was pressurized at $200{\sim}600$ MPa for 5 min. There were no significant differences in color and hardness between control and pressurized Kimchi (p>0.05). Total aerobes and lactic acid bacteria were effectively inactivated by high hydrostatic pressure above 400 MPa. Changes in pH, titratable acidity, color, hardness and microbial counts for 4 weeks storage of Kimchi were investigated Kimchi was pressurized at 400 MPa for 5 min and stored at $4^{\circ}C$. The pH of control decreased to 3.94 but pressurized Kimchi maintained its initial pH value throughout the storage. The color of control showed significantly low values compared with pressureized Kimchi (p<0.05), but hardness was not significantly changed (p>0.05). Total aerobes and lactic acid bacteria in the control were reduced from the initial value of $10^8{\sim}10^9$ CFU/mL to $10^6$CFU/mL after 4 weeks storage. Whereas microbial counts in pressurized Kimchi was maintained about $10^3{\sim}10^4$ CFU/mL during storage.