The Alteration of $Ca^{2+}-activated\;K^+$ Channels in Coronary Arterial Smooth Muscle Cells Isolated from Isoproterenol-induced Cardiac Hypertrophy in Rabbit

  • Kim, Na-Ri (Department of Physiology & Biophysics, College of Medicine, Inje University) ;
  • Han, Jin (Department of Physiology & Biophysics, College of Medicine, Inje University) ;
  • Kim, Eui-Yong (Department of Physiology & Biophysics, College of Medicine, Inje University)
  • Published : 2001.04.21

Abstract

It has been proposed that $Ca^{2+}-activated$ K $(K_{Ca})$ channels play an essential role in vascular tone. The alterations of the properties of coronary $K_{Ca}$ channels have not been studied as a possible mechanism for impaired coronary reserve in cardiac hypertrophy. The present studies were carried out to determine the properties of coronary $K_{Ca}$ channels in normal and hypertrophied hearts. These channels were measured from rabbit coronary smooth muscle cells using a patch clamp technique. The main findings of the present study are as follows: (1) the unitary current amplitudes and the slope conductance of coronary $K_{Ca}$ channels were decreased without changes of the channel kinetics in isoproterenol-induced cardiac hypertrophy; (2) the sensitivity of coronary $K_{Ca}$ channels to the changes of intracellular concentration of $Ca^{2+}$ was reduced in isoproterenol-induced cardiac hypertrophy. From above results, we suggest for the first time that the alteration of $K_{Ca}$ channels are involved in impaired coronary reserve in isoproterenol-induced cardiac hypertrophy.