Nutritional Requirements and Management Strategies for Farmed Deer - Review -

  • Shin, H.T. (College of Life Science and Natural Resources, Sung Kyun Kwan University) ;
  • Hudson, R.J. (Faculty of Agriculture, Forestry and Home Economics, University of Alberta) ;
  • Gai, X.H. (Institute of Special Economic Animal and Plants, CAAS) ;
  • Suttie, J.M. (AgResearch, Invermay Agricultural Center)
  • Published : 2000.04.01


Knowledge concerning the nutritional requirements and nutritional problems of fanned deer is limited. Nutritional recommendations must be based on data from domestic ruminants and fanned deer. An understanding of the biology and adaptative characteristics of wild deer is essential for sensible application of sheep and cattle nutritional principles. Nutritional requirements of deer are generally separated into five categories: energy, protein, minerals, vitamins and water. Research on deer nutrition has primarily focused on energy, protein and minerals (phosphorus and calcium). Changes in the nutritional requirements that occur with gestation, lactation, breeding and antler growth should be coordinated with seasonal changes in nutrient availability from forage plants. This paper describes aspects of current knowledge of energy, protein, minerals, vitamins and water requirements. Nutritional problems of. fanned deer are described with recommendations for prevention or control. A comparison of production efficiency of deer, lamb, beef cattle and dairy cattle is included.

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