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Feeding Value of Ammoniated Rice Straw Supplemented with Rice Bran in Sheep : I. Effects on Digestibility, Nitrogen Retention and Microbial Protein Yield

  • Orden, E.A. ;
  • Yamaki, K. ;
  • Ichinohe, T. ;
  • Fujihara, T.
  • Received : 1999.05.06
  • Accepted : 1999.07.12
  • Published : 2000.04.01

Abstract

In vivo digestibility, nitrogen retention and microbial protein yield from diets of 100% ammonia treated rice straw (ARS) ($D_1$); 65% untreated rice straw (URS)+30% rice bran (RB)+5% SBM ($D_2$) and 85% ARS+15% RB ($D_3$) were determined using three Japanese Corriedale wethers in a $3{\times}3$ Latin Square Design. Results showed that DM consumption and organic matter digestibility were highest in $D_3$; but did not promote high protein digestibility, which RB+SBM had effected in URS based-diet. Dry matter intake and OM digestibility were the same for $D_1$ and $D_3$. Solubility of fiber bonds was increased by ammoniation, resulting in higher NDF digestibility. Nitrogen retention and microbial protein yield of rice bran supplemented groups was higher than ARS, but supplementation did not significantly increase efficiency of microbial protein synthesis from ARS which did occur when RB+SBM was added to untreated straw. The quality of ammoniated rice straw could be improved through RB supplementation because of its positive effects on DM digestibility, nitrogen retention and microbial protein yield. However, the addition of RB+SBM to URS resulted to more efficient N utilization.

Keywords

In Vivo Digestibility;Untreated Rice Straw (URS);Ammoniated Rice Straw (ARS);Nitrogen Balance;Microbial Nitrogen Yield

Cited by

  1. Performance of sheep offered ammonia, or urea-calcium hydroxide treated rice straw as an only feed vol.75, pp.5, 2004, https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1740-0929.2004.00206.x
  2. Nutrient digestibility and ruminal fermentation characteristic in swamp buffaloes fed on chemically treated rice straw and urea vol.44, pp.3, 2012, https://doi.org/10.1007/s11250-011-9946-6