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Mammary Gland Indices at the End of Lactation in the Superovulated Javanese Thin-Tail Ewes

  • Manalu, W. ;
  • Sumaryadi, M.Y. ;
  • Sudjatmogo, Sudjatmogo ;
  • Satyaningtijas, A.S.
  • Received : 1999.05.15
  • Accepted : 1999.08.11
  • Published : 2000.04.01

Abstract

Thirty lactating Javanese thin-tail ewes (12 ewes had been injected, prior to mating, with 700 IU pregnant mare serum gonadotropin, and 18 ewes with saline as a control) were used to evaluate the effect of superovulation on milk production during lactation and mammary chemical indices at the end of lactation. Thirteen ewes (9 control and 4 superovulated ewes) were fed at low and the other 17 ewes (9 control and 8 superovulated ewes) were fed at high quality ration. Superovulated ewes, either fed at low or high quality ration, had dramatically higher milk yields (57%). At the end of lactation, superovulated ewes had higher mammary dry fat-free tissue, mammary DNA concentration, total mammary DNA and RNA contents than nonsuperovulated ewes. Superovulation did not affect mammary RNA and collagen concentrations, and total collagen content. Ration quality did not significantly increase milk production during lactation and mammary chemical indices at the end of lactation. The observed increase in milk production in the superovulated ewes was probably due to the increased mammary secretory cell number and their synthetic activities during lactation as a result of the increased endogenous hormonal stimulation of mammary growth and development during pregnancy.

Keywords

Superovulation;Mammary Gland Indices;Lactating Sheep