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Possible Abnormalities of Chimeric Chicken Caused by the Introduction of Exogenous Genes Into Chicken Embryos via Primordial Germ Cells (PGCs)

  • Ebara, Fumio (Animal Resource Science Section, Division of Bioresource and Bioenvironmental Sciences, Graduate School Kyushu University) ;
  • Fujihara, Noboru (Animal Resource Science Section, Division of Bioresource and Bioenvironmental Sciences, Graduate School Kyushu University)
  • Received : 2000.02.12
  • Accepted : 2000.07.19
  • Published : 2000.11.01

Abstract

In chicken, exogenous genes introduced into germinal crescent region (GCR) of the early developmental stage, where primordial germ cells (PGCs) were concentrated, were successfully transferred to the gonads via PGCs. The foreign genes were also confirmed to be successfully incorporated into F1 and F2 generations. We tried to incorporate the exogenous genes into PGCs by lipofection, then the DNA mixture was injected into GCR at stage 3-5 or 9-11 of embryonic development (Hamburger and Hamilton, 1951). The manipulated eggs were incubated, and hatched chicks were reared until sexual maturation. F1 generation was obtained from the DNA-treated chicken (DNA-chicken) mated with normal birds. Furthermore, F2 generation was also obtained from the F1 chicken mated with normal birds. The transfer of introduced foreign genes were confirmed by marker gene detection methods and PCR analysis in the hatched chicks, F1 and F2 generations. However, in our experiments, DNA-chickens showed abnormal characteristics such as low egg production rate, abnormal appearance and decreased number of spermatozoa. In the case of F1 chicken, low egg production and the deterioration of sperm capacity for insemination in male chicken were observed.

Keywords

Exogenous Genes;Primordial Germ Cells;Germinal Crescent Region;Abnormality