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Utilization of Fat Sources in Pigs Weaned at 21 Days of Age

  • Piao, X.S. (Department of Animal Science & Technology, College of Agriculture & Life Sciences Seoul National University) ;
  • Jin, J. (Department of Animal Science & Technology, College of Agriculture & Life Sciences Seoul National University) ;
  • Kim, J.H. (Department of Research and Technology, Agribrands Purina Korea Inc.) ;
  • Kim, J.D. (Institute of Animal Science & Technology, Seoul National University) ;
  • Shin, I.S. (American Soybean Association) ;
  • Han, In K. (Department of Animal Science & Technology, College of Agriculture & Life Sciences Seoul National University)
  • Received : 1999.06.08
  • Accepted : 1999.07.30
  • Published : 2000.09.01

Abstract

A total of 80 pigs ($5.68{\pm}0.61kg$ BW; 21 d of age) were used to evaluate the effect of fat sources in weaned pigs. Pigs were allotted into five treatments based on body weight, in a completely randomized block design. Treatments consisted of diets representing different ratio between soy oil or corn oil and tallow; 1) S100 (soy oil 100%), 2) S75 (soy oil:tallow=75:25), 3) S50 (soy oil:tallow=50:50), 4) C75 (corn oil:tallow=75:25), 5) C50 (corn oil:tallow=50:50). During d 0 to 14, pigs were fed diets containing 3,400 kcal ME, 23% crude protein, 1.65 % lysine and for the period of d 15 to 28, pigs were fed diets supplying 3,400 kcal ME, 20.5% crude protein, 1.355% lysine. For d 0 to 14, a significant differences in ADG and ADFI were observed among treatments, pigs fed animal-vegetable fat blends gained more than pigs fed the S100. As tallow addition was increased from 25% to 50% replacing soy or corn oil, ADG was improved from 6.32% to 28.38%. In phase II (d 15 to 28) period, ADG, ADFI and FCR were not significantly different among treatments. For overall period (d 0 to 28), pigs fed 50% animal:50% vegetable fat blends diets consumed more feed and grew faster than pigs fed control diet and 75% vegetable oil:25% tallow groups, but the differences was not significant among treatments. Apparent DM, CP and fat digestibility were increased with time postweaning for each treatment. There were no differences in digestibilities of total amino acid during overall period. The combination of soy oil or corn oil with tallow produced slightly higher serum triglycerides (TG) and total cholesterol (TC) combination compared with the soy oil alone. In conclusion, tallow:soy (or corn) oil blends diets improved growth rate and the ratio of 50% tallow plus 50% soy (or corn) oil blends diets were favorable for growth and nutrient digestibilities of weaned pigs.

Keywords

Soy Oil;Corn Oil;Tallow;Growth;Blood;Weaned Pigs

Acknowledgement

Supported by : MAF-SGRP(Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry-Special Grants Rsearch Program)