Preparation of Liquefied Cellulose and Analysis of Its Components by GC-MS Spectrometry

액화셀룰로오스의 제조 및 GC-MS에 의한 그 성분 분석

  • Published : 2000.12.01


The liquefactions of $\alpha$-cellulose(Sigma Chemical, C-8002, 47H0383) was prepared in the presence of phenol using sulfuric acid as a catalyst under $N_2$ gas protection at $180^{\circ}C$ for 60minutes to examine its components. The ratio of $\alpha$-cellulose to phenol was 1: 6.2(w/w), and that to sulfuric acid was 1: 0.05(g/$m\ell$). The yields of liquefaction were calculated after the liquefied mixtures were passed through 1G4 glass filter. The luquefied product of $\alpha$-cellulose was analyzed using GC-MS Spectormeter. The 12 compounds identified by GC-MS Spectrometer, of which peak area covers 54% as 2,4-dimethyl phenol, p-isopropyl phenol, 1-ethyl-3,5-dimethyl benzene, o-isopropyl phenol, (E)-2,4\` dihydroxy-stilbene, 2,2\`-methylene-bisphenol, 4,4\`-methylenebisphenol, 3-methyl-2-hydroxyphenyl-(E)-2-hydroxyl-4\`-methoxy-stilbene, 1-phyenyl-1-(4\`hydroxyphenyl)methanol phenol derivatives. From this results, the reaction pathways of the liquefaction of cellulose were proposed through electrophilic substitution reaction. Phenol as a solvent might react with the reaction intermediates as well in the cellulose liquefaction.