Examination of Diffusion Process for High-speed Avalanche Photodiode Fabrication

  • Published : 2000.11.01


The characterization of zinc diffusion processes applied for high-speed avalanche photodiodes has been examined. The different diffusion process conditions for InP test structures were explored. The zinc diffusion profiles, such as the diffusion depth and the zinc dopant concentration, were examined using secondary ion mass spectrometry with varying the process variables and material parameters. It is observed that the diffusion profiles are severly impacted on the process parameters, such as the amount of Zn$_3$P$_2$ source and the diffusion time, as well as material parameters, such as doping concentration of diffusion layer. These results can be utilized for the high-speed avalanche photodiode fabrication.