I-V Characteristics of Epitaxial $CoSi_2$-contacted p+/n Junctions

Epitaxial $CoSi_2$접촉 p+/n 접합의 I-V 특성

  • 구본철 (수원대학교 전자재료공학과) ;
  • 김시중 (수원대학교 전자재료공학과) ;
  • 김주연 (수원대학교 전자재료공학과) ;
  • 배규식 (수원대학교 전자재료공학과)
  • Published : 2000.11.01


CoSi$_2$/p+/n diodes(bilayer diodes) were fabricated by using epitaxial CoSi$_2$grown from Co/Ti bilayer as a diffusion source. The I-V characteristics of p+/n diodes were measured and compared with those of diode made from Co monolayer (monolayer diode). Monolayer diodes showed typical p+n junction characteristics with the leakage current of as low as 10$^{-12}$ A and forward current 6-orders higher than the leakage current, when drive-in annealed at 90$0^{\circ}C$ for 20 sec.. On the other hand, bilayer diodes showed the Schottky-like behaviors with forward currents rather higher than those of monolyer diodes, but with too high leakage currents, when drive-in annealed at $700^{\circ}C$ or higher. However, when the annealing temperature was lowered to $700^{\circ}C$ and annealing time was increased to 60 sec., the leakage current was reduced to 10$^{-11}$ A and thus sho3wed typical diode characteristics. The high leakage currents for diodes annealed at $700^{\circ}C$ or higher was attributed to Shannon contacts formed due to unremoved Co-Ti-Si precipitates. But when annealed at 50$0^{\circ}C$, B ions diffused in the direction of the surface layer, and thus the leakage currents were reduced by removing Shannon contacts.