Greenhouse Heating Characteristics of Heat Pump-Latent Heat Storage System

열펌프-잠열축열 시스템의 온실 난방 특성 연구

  • Published : 2000.10.01

Abstract

In order to use the natural thermal energy as much as possible for greenhouse heating, the air-air heat pump system involved PCM(phase change material) latent heat storage system was composed, and three types of greenhouse heating system(greenhouse system, greenhouse-PCM latent heat storage system, greenhouse-PCM latent heat storage-heat pump system) were recomposed from the greenhouse heating units to analyze the heating characteristics. The results could be concluded as follows; 1) In the greenhouse heated by the heat pump under the solar radiation of 406.39W/$m^2$, the maximum PCM temperature in the latent heat storage system was 24$^{\circ}C$ and the accumulated thermal energy stored in PCM mass of 816kg during the daytime was 100,320kJ. In the greenhouse without heat pump under the maximum solar radiation of 452.83W/$m^2$, the maximum PCM temperature in the latent heat storage system was 22$^{\circ}C$ and the accumulated thermal energy stored during the daytime was 52.250kJ. 2) In the greenhouse-PCM system without heat pump the heat stored in soil layers from the surface to 30cm of the soil depth was 450㎉/$m^2$. 3) In all of the greenhouse heating systems, the difference between the air temperature in greenhouse and the ambient temperature was about 20~23$^{\circ}C$ in the daytime. In the greenhouse without heat pump and PCM latent heat storage system the difference between the ambient temperature and the air temperature in the greenhouse was about 6~7$^{\circ}C$ in the nighttime, in the greenhouse with only PCM latent heat storage system the temperature difference about 7~13$^{\circ}C$ in the nighttime and in the greenhouse with the heat pump and PCM latent heat storage system about 9~14$^{\circ}C$ in the nighttime.

References

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