A Study on the Distributional Characteristic of Organic Matters on the Surface Sediments and Its Origin in Keogeum-sudo, Southern Part of Korean Peninsula

거금수도(居金水道) 표층퇴적물 중의 유기물 분포 및 기원에 관한 연구

  • 윤양호 (여수대학교 해양시스템학부)
  • Published : 2000.04.01

Abstract

The observations on the seasonal fluctuation and distributional characteristic of organic matters on surface sediments and its origin were carried out at the 25 stations in Keogeum-sudo, southern coast of Korean Peninsula from February to October in 1993. I made an analysis on the environmental factors for surface sediments such as temperature, ignition loss, chemical oxygen demand, pheopigment, total sulphide, water content, mud content in grain size, COD/IL ratio and COD/sulphide ratio. The results are as follows ; 1) The range of temperature on the surface sediments was between 6.2${\circ}C$ and 24.6${\circ}C$. The highest mean temperatuer of mud was 24.0${\circ}C$ in summer, the lowest 6.6${\circ}C$ in winter. 2) Ignition loss(IL) fluctuated between 1.2% in winter and 16.8% in spring, that is to say, the seasons of increasing in temperature were very high ignition loss. 3) Chemical oxygen demand(COD) showed the highest mean value of 20.52 mg/g dry in summer within the range of 15/46~32.78 mg/g dry, while showed the lowest of 5.79 mg/g dry in winter within the range of 7.4~17.39 mg/g dry. 4) Pheopigment concentrations showed the highest mean value of 4.85 $\mu\textrm{g}$/g dry in autumn within the range of 0.84~9.21 $\mu\textrm{g}$/g dry, while it did the lowest mean value of 1.97 $\mu\textrm{g}$/g dry in summer within the range of 0.23~4.83 $\mu\textrm{g}$/g dry. 5) Total sulphide (H2S) fluctuated between no detect(ND) in spring, and 2.43 mg/g dry in sutumn. The highest mean value was 0.68 mg/g dry in sutumn, the lowest was 0.16 mg/g dry in spring. 6) Water content(WC) and mud content in grain size showed the mean value of 43.2% within the range of 26.5~59.7% and 91.0% within the range of 57.8~99.2%, respectively. 7) By the analytical results on the source of organic matter, it had been dumped from the seaweed farms in Keogeum-sudo coastal waters.

Keywords

organic matter;surface sediment;Keogum-sudo;COD/IL;COD/sulphide

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