Soybean Curd Residue (Biji) as a Dietary Fiber Source in Cake

  • Kim, Yeoung-Ae (Department of Food Science and Technology, Konyang University)
  • Published : 2000.09.01


The content of total dietary fiber in biji dried by hot air was 65.40%, and the percent of insoluble fiber and soluble fiber in total dietary fiber was 63.60% and 1.80%, respectively. In testing the feasibility of biji as a fiber source in cake, cakes were prepared with flour substituted with biji powder at the level of 0%, 5%, 10%, 15% and 20%. The Hunter value showed that the crumb colors of the cakes with 10%, 15% and 20% biji powder were significantly different from the control. The specific volume of the cake with 20% biji powder was significantly lower tan the other cakes. Cakes with 5%, 10% and 15% biji powder were les hard than the control after 10 days storage at 2$0^{\circ}C$. Sensory evaluations showed that their characteristics - crumb color, crumb texture, moistness, softness and overall preference - were significantly influenced by the replacement of flour with 10%, 15% and 20% biji powder. However, there was no difference in softness and overall preference of the cake prepared with 5% replacement compared to the control.