Observation of Soft-Rot Wood Degradation Caused by Higher Ascomyceteous fungi

  • Lee, Yang-Soo (Pulp and Paper Research Center, Korea Research Institute of Chemical Technology)
  • Published : 2000.03.31

Abstract

The capability of higher ascomyceteous fungi to cause typical soft-rot decay for wood under laboratory conditions is reviewed and discussed. Fungi tested were extremely active in the decomposition of timbers. Scanning electron micrographs illustrated typical soft-rot decay pattern of higher wood decay ascomycetes, with the exception of H. trugodes that caused white-rot decay. Most of the fungi tested could be grouped as soft-rot fungi that showed typical soft-rot type II. Hypha confined primarily to the resin canals in softwoods or vessel elements in hardwoods and spread tracheid to tracheid via pits of cell wall to cell wall with mechanical force.