Studies on the Processing of Rapid- and Low Salt-Fermented Liquefaction of Sardine (Sardinops melanoslicta)(III) - Effect of Pretreatment Method on Water Adding, Heating, and NaCl Added to the Fermented Liquefaction of Chopped Whole Sardine -

저식염 속성 정어리 발효 액화물 가공에 관한 연구(III) - 마쇄육의 발효 액화에 미치는 가수.가온 전처리 및 식염첨가 방법의 영향 -

  • Published : 2000.05.30

Abstract

This study was attempt to improve the quality of rapid- and low salt-fermented liquefaction of sardine (Sardinops melanoslicta). Effect of pretreatment methods such as water adding, heating, and intermittent NaCl adding on fermented liquefaction of chopped whole sardine were investigated. The divisions of the experimental samples by pretreatment methods were as follows; Sample A (water adding and heating): chopped whole sardine adding 20% water and then adding 3 and 5% NaCl consecutively at the intervals of 3 and 6 hrs during heating for 9 hrs at $50^{\circ}C$ and then fermented at $33^{\circ}C$ for 90 days. Sample B (preheating): chopped whole sardine with 8% NaCl and heating at $50^{\circ}C$ for 9 hrs and then fermented at $33^{\circ}C$ for 90 days. Sample C (control): neither pretreatment methods of water adding nor preheating on chopped whole sardine with 13% NaCl and then fermented at $33^{\circ}C$ for 90 days. Comparison of the appropriate fermentation period, yield of hydrolysate, chemical composition of fermented liquefied products were carried out. The highest content of amino nitrogen appeared at 60 days in the sample A, 75 days in the sample B, and 90 days in the sample C during the fermentation period. The appropriate fermentation period of the sample A was shorten 15 days than the sample B and 30 days than the sample C in the processing of sardine. The product A was lower NaCl (8.5%) and lower histamine content (25mg/100g) than the sample B and C. Possibly, three kinds of pretreatment methods such as water adding, heating, and intermittent NaCl adding, might be recommend as the processing of rapid- and low salt-fermented liquefaction product of chopped whole sardine.

Keywords

sardine;Sardinops melanoslicta;rapid fermentation;low salt-fermented liquefaction