Regulation of the Expression of the Catabolic Acetolactate Synthase by Branched Chain Amino Acids in Serratia marcescens

  • Joo, Han-Seung (Department of Biochemistry, Bioproducts Research Center and College of Science, Yonsei University) ;
  • Kim, Soung-Soo (Department of Biochemistry, Bioproducts Research Center and College of Science, Yonsei University)
  • Received : 1998.10.12
  • Accepted : 1998.12.10
  • Published : 1999.03.31

Abstract

In Serratia marcescens, acetolactate produced by the catabolic acetolactate synthase (ALS) is converted into acetoin, its physiological role of which is to maintain intracellular pH homeostasis. In this study, the expression mode of catabolic ALS by aeration and branched-chain amino acids was examined by the ELISA method. The amount of catabolic ALS decreased approximately 93% under aerobic conditions. We also showed that the expression of catabolic ALS decreased approximately 34 % and 65 % in the presence of 2.5 mM and 10 mM leucine, respectively. The repression of catabolic ALS by leucine has not been reported previously. In contrast to leucine, catabolic ALS levels increased approximately 13% and 38% by treatment with 2.5 mM and 10 mM isoleucine, respectively, while valine alone did not have any significant effect on the synthesis of catabolic ALS. The amount of catabolic ALS was also reduced to approximately 32% and 45% in the presence of 10 mM Leu+Ile and Leu+Ile+Val, respectively. The regulatory mode of the Serratia catabolic ALS suggests that catabolic ALS may also have a role in supplying acetolactate as an intermediate of valine and leucine biosynthesis in addition to the maintenance of internal pH.

Keywords

Catabolic ALS;ELISA;Leucine;Serratia marcescens

Acknowledgement

Supported by : Korea Science and Engineering Foundation (KOSEF)