Sulfhydryl-Related and Phenylpropanoid-Synthesizing Enzymes in Arabidopsis thaliana Leaves after Treatments with Hydrogen Peroxide, Heavy Metals, and Glyphosate

  • Park, Keum-Nam (Division of Life Sciences, Kangwon National University) ;
  • Sa, Jae-Hoon (Division of Life Sciences, Kangwon National University) ;
  • Lim, Chang-Jin (Division of Life Sciences, Kangwon National University)
  • Received : 1998.08.31
  • Accepted : 1998.10.09
  • Published : 1999.03.31

Abstract

Three-week grown Arabidopsis thaliana leaves were wounded by cutting whole leaves with a razor blade into pieces (about$3\;mm\;{\times}\;3\;mm$) submerged in various solutions, and incubated in a growth chamber for 24 h. We measured and compared activities of several enzymes such as phenylalanine ammonia-lyase (PAL), tyrosine ammonia-lyase (TAL), thioredoxin, thioredoxin reductase, thioltransferase, glutathione reductase, and $NADP^+$ -malate dehydrogenase. PAL activity was decreased in $HgCl_2$-, $CdCl_2$-, and glyphosate-treated leaf slices, and could not be detected after treatment with $CdCl_2$. TAL activity was found to be maximal in the $CdCl_2$-treated leaf slices. Activity of thioredoxin, a small protein known as a cofactor of ribonucleotide reductase and a regulator of photosynthesis, was significantly increased in the $CdCl_2$-treated leaf slices, while thioredoxin reductase activity was maximal in the $HgCl_2$-treated leaf slices. Thioltransferase and glutathione reductase activities were significantly decreased in the $HgCl_2$-treated leaf slices. $NADP^+$ -malate dehydrogenase activity remained relatively constant after the chemical treatments. Our results strongly indicate that sulfhydryl-related and phenylpropanoid-synthesizing enzyme activities are affected by chemical treatments such as hydrogen peroxide, heavy metals, and glyphosate.

Keywords

Arabidopsis thaliana;Chemical treatment;Phenylalanine ammonia-lyase (PAL);Thioltransferase

Acknowledgement

Supported by : Basic Science Research Institute