Functional Expression and Characterization of C-terminal Mutant of 4-Aminobutyrate Aminotransferase

  • Sung, Bo-Kyung (Department of Microbiology, Pukyong National University) ;
  • Cho, Jung-Jong (Department of Microbiology, Pukyong National University) ;
  • Kim, Young-Tae (Department of Microbiology, Pukyong National University)
  • Received : 1998.10.28
  • Accepted : 1998.12.09
  • Published : 1999.03.31

Abstract

4-Aminobutyrate aminotransferase plays an essential role in the 4-aminobutyric acid shunt, converting 4-aminobutyrate to succinic semialdehyde. Recombinant 4-aminobutyrate aminotransferases were overexpressed as their catalytically active forms in E. coli by coproduction with thioredoxin and their solubilities were also dramatically increased. In order to study the structural and functional aspects of the C-terminal domain of brain 4-aminobutyrate aminotransferase, we have constructed a C-terminal mutant of pig brain 4-aminobutyrate aminotransferase and analyzed the functional and structural roles of C-terminal amino acids residues on the enzyme. The deletion of five amino-acid residues from C-terminus did not interfere with the kinetic parameters and functional properties of the enzyme. Also, the deletion did not affect the dimeric structure of the protein aligned along the subunit interface at neutral pH. However, the deletion of the C-terminal region of the protein changed the stability of its dimeric structure at acidic pH. The dissociation of the enzyme acidic, facilitated by the deletion of five amino acids from C-terminus, abolished the catalytic activity.

Keywords

4-Aminobutyrate aminotransferase;Dimeric structure;Expression;Mutagenesis;Stability