The Microalgal Attachment and its Growth on the Artificial Surfaces Immersed in Seawater: II. Chlorophyll a and Primary Productivity

해수에 잠긴 인공기질 표면에서 미세조류의 부착과 성장: II. 엽록소와 일차생산력

  • Shim, Jae-Hyung (Department of Oceanography and Research Institute of Oceanography, Seoul National University) ;
  • Kang, Jung-Hoon (Department of Oceanography and Research Institute of Oceanography, Seoul National University) ;
  • Cho, Byung-Cheol (Department of Oceanography and Research Institute of Oceanography, Seoul National University) ;
  • Kim, Woong-Seo (Biological Oceanography Division, Korea Ocean Research and Development institute) ;
  • Pae, Se-Jin (Biological Oceanography Division, Korea Ocean Research and Development institute)
  • 심재형 (서울대학교 해양학과 및 해양연구소) ;
  • 강정훈 (서울대학교 해양학과 및 해양연구소) ;
  • 조병철 (서울대학교 해양학과 및 해양연구소) ;
  • 김웅서 (한국해양연구소 해양생물연구단) ;
  • 배세진 (한국해양연구소 해양생물연구단)
  • Received : 1998.04.27
  • Accepted : 1999.04.22
  • Published : 1999.05.30

Abstract

To understand the growth of attached microalgae to the immersed artificial surfaces in seawater with exposure time, chlorophyll a (chl a) concentration and abundance of attached microalgae to glass slides, and primary productivity and chl a concentration on coverglasses were investigated in Incheon Harbour in May, June 1996 and January-February 1997. Chl a concentrations of microalgae and abundances of diatoms attached to glass slides reached 62.5 mg chl a $m^{-2}$ and $144{\times}10^3$ cells $cm^{-2}$, respectively, during the study period. Chl a concentrations increased with exposure time, and they were significantly correlated with the abundances of attached diatoms ($r^2=0.79$, p<0.001). The chl a concentrations of attached micro algae on coverglass reached the maximum values of 31.1 mg chl a $m^{-2}$ and 65.4 mg chl a $m^{-2}$, and then decreased in May, June 1996. But in January-February 1997, the chl a concentration increased continuously up to 98.9 mg chl a $m^{-2}$. The primary productivity reached the maximum values of 63.1 mgC $m^{-2}\;h^{-1}$, 347.0 mgC $m^{-2}\;h^{-1}$ and 78.3 mgC $m^{-2}\;h^{-1}$, respectively, in May, June and January-February. The primary productivity in May and June varied in accordance with chl a concentrations. But in January-February, the primary productivity decreased from 26 days of exposure while chl a concentration continued to increase. Two cases that primary productivity decreased abruptly seemed to be caused by decrement of chl a and light specific $P^B$ (chl a specific primary productivity) (May and June) and by decrement of light specific $P^B$ due to photoinhibition (January-February). The results of present study indicated that chl a concentrations and the primary productivity of microalgae attached to artifical surfaces immersed in seawater would expedite analysis of dynamics of biomass and physiological status of attached microalgae during biofilm formations.

Keywords

Acknowledgement

Supported by : 한국과학재단