Synthesis and Performance of Dialkylamine (di-)nitrobenzoates for Vapor Corrosion Inhibitor

기화성방청제 Dialkylamine (di-)nitrobenzoates 합성 및 방청성능

  • 전용진 (청운대학교 신소재응용화학과) ;
  • 박용성 (상명대학교 공업화학과) ;
  • 소순영 (한화그룹종합연구소)
  • Received : 1997.10.20
  • Accepted : 1998.10.12
  • Published : 1999.02.10

Abstract

Dialkylamine (di-)nitrobenzoates as vapor corrosion inhibitor were synthesized with dialkylamines and (di-)nitrobenzoic acids. The compounds were analyzed by elemental analyzer, FT-IR and $^1H$-NMR spectrophotometer. Corrosion inhibition of synthetic compounds and additives [$(NH_4)_2CO_3$, $NaHCO_3$] against ferrous and non-ferrous metal was investigated by potentiostatic method [1% (w/v) corrosion inhibitor in 1M $Na_2SO_4$ aqueous solution] respectively. For corrosion inhibition of ferrous metal, dialkylamine 4-nitrobenzoates were better inhibitor than dialkylamine 3, 5-dinitrobenzoates, the passivating current density ($i_p$) of dialkylamine 4-nitrobenzoate was shown $4.78mA/cm^2$. While, for non-ferrous metal, dialkylamine 3, 5-dinitrobenzoates were better, those of dipropylamine 3, 5-dinitrobenzoate and hexamethyleneimine 3, 5-dinitrobenzoate were shown 36 and $37mA/cm^2$. Additive effect of $(NH_4)_2CO_3$ and $NaHCO_3$ for corrosion inhibition of ferrous metal was excellent but that of non-ferrous metal was not. Optimum ratios of diethylamine 4-nitrobenzoate with $(NH_4)_2CO_3$ and $NaHCO_3$ were 4 : 6 and 5 : 5 (V/V), and passivating current densities ($i_p$) of the mixtures were shown 0.26 and $0.85mA/cm^2$, respectively.

Acknowledgement

Supported by : 한국학술진흥재단

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