A STUDY ON THE STRESS DISTRIBUTION OF ABUTMENT TEETH AND RESIDUAL RIDGE AREA BETWEEN TELESCOPIC AND CLASP TYPE RPD BY FEM METHOD

telescope형 및 Clasp형 유지장치를 이용한 국소의치 지지조직의 응력분포에 관한 삼차원 유한요소법적 연구

  • Koak, Jai-Young (Department of Prosthodontics, Graduate School, Seoul National University) ;
  • Kim, Kwang-Nam (Department of Prosthodontics, Graduate School, Seoul National University) ;
  • Chang, Ik-Tae (Department of Prosthodontics, Graduate School, Seoul National University) ;
  • Heo, Seong-Joo (Department of Prosthodontics, Graduate School, Seoul National University)
  • 곽재영 (서울대학교 치과대학 치과보철학교실) ;
  • 김광남 (서울대학교 치과대학 치과보철학교실) ;
  • 장익태 (서울대학교 치과대학 치과보철학교실) ;
  • 허성주 (서울대학교 치과대학 치과보철학교실)
  • Published : 1999.02.01

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to compare and evaluate the stress distribution and displacement developed in the abutment teeth and residual ridge area by madibular unilateral distal extension removable partial denture with 2 different retainer designs. The retainers on right and left canine and right 2nd molar were Alters clasp in one model and telescopic crown in the other model. The stress distribution of abutment teeth and residual ridge area on two model were compared and analyzed with 3-dimensional finite element method. 150N and 400N forces were applied vertically, 30 degree and horizontally on the central fossa area of left 1st molar of the removable partial denture, and then stress distribution patterns were analyzed and compared. The results were as follows 1. As the magnitude and angulation of applied force were increased, the magnitude of stress on the right and central residual ridge area and the right canine of the telescopic type increased and comparing to those of the Alters clasp type. 2. As the magnitude and angulation of applied force were increased, the mesial direction of displacement on the right residual ridge area and the right tooth of the telescopic type increased and the distal direction of displacement on left residual ridge area and the left canine increased comparing to those of Akers clasp type. 3. As the vertical force was applied, the distal direction of the displacement of the right tooth were greater and that of the left canine was smaller and the upward displacement of the right canine was greater in telescopic partial denture than those of Akers clasp type. 4. As the 30 degree force was applied, the mesial direction of the displacement of the right tooth were greater and the distal direction of the displacement of the left canine was smaller and the upward displacement of the right canine was greater in telescopic partial denture than those of Akers clasp type. In the horizontal force the results were same in right area tooth but the distal direction of displacement was greater in left canine. 5. In both removable partial dentures, as the magnitude and degree of force were increased, the stress and displacement were increased. The compressive force was dominative than the ten sile force. 6. In both removable partial dentures, the magnitude of stress was greater on mucosal tissue area than that of the alveolar bone area on distal extension residual ridge area but the result was reversed on anterior residual ridge area. The displacement was always greater on mucosal tissue area than that of alveolar bone area.