Effect of Feeding Urea Treated Rice and Wheat Straw on Intake and Milk Yield of Lactating Buffaloes under Farmers Conditions

  • Khanal, R.C. (Lumle Agricultural Research Centre) ;
  • Gurung, D.B. (Lumle Agricultural Research Centre) ;
  • Kadariya, R.K. (Lumle Agricultural Research Centre)
  • Received : 1998.10.28
  • Accepted : 1999.03.04
  • Published : 1999.12.01


Two experiments were conducted to study the effect of urea treatment of rice and wheat straw on feed intake, dry matter (DM) digestibility and milk yield of lactation buffaloes in their late lactation under farmers' management conditions in the western hills of Nepal during 1995 and 1997. Dry matter intake (DMI) from urea treated rice and wheat straw was not improved significantly (p<0.05) nor the total DMI of the lactating buffaloes was improved significantly. However, feeding urea treated rice straw increased straw DMI by 14.2% and total DMI by 10.63% units over the untreated rice straw. Similarly, the increase in straw and total DMI were 20.18 and 17.40% units over the untreated wheat straw fed animals. Although there was no significant effect of urea treatment of both straw on DM digestibility, it was higher for treated than untreated straw at all locations. An overall increment of 18.1% units for rice straw and 13.3% units for wheat straw was observed. There was a significant effect (p<0.01) of feeding urea treated rice and wheat straw on the milk yield of lactating buffaloes during late lactation under farmers conditions. Post experiment milk yield was also significantly (p<0.05) higher for the animals fed treated straw in both the experiments. Buffalo milk yield was also significantly affected by breed (p<0.01), location (p<0.01) and parity (p<0.01) of the animals. General response of the farmers about the technology and their observed effect on animal performance was also very positive.


Urea Treatment;Rice and Wheat Straw;Lactating Buffaloes;Farmers' Management

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