Effect of $17{\beta}$-Estradiol and 1,25-Dihydroxyvitamin $D_3$ on Interleukin-6 Production of Periodontal Ligament Cells

($17{\beta}$-Estradiol 및 1,25-Dihydroxyvitamin $D_3$가 치주인대 세포의 Interleukin-6의 생성에 미치는 영향

  • Kwak, Wall-Ah (Department of Oral Biology, Yonsei University, College of Dentistry) ;
  • Choi, Bong-Kyu (Department of Oral Biology, Yonsei University, College of Dentistry) ;
  • Lee, Hyun-Jung (Department of Oral Biology, Yonsei University, College of Dentistry) ;
  • Yoo, Yun-Jung (Department of Oral Biology, Yonsei University, College of Dentistry)
  • 곽월아 (연세대학교 치과대학 구강생물학 교실) ;
  • 최봉규 (연세대학교 치과대학 구강생물학 교실) ;
  • 이현정 (연세대학교 치과대학 구강생물학 교실) ;
  • 유윤정 (연세대학교 치과대학 구강생물학 교실)
  • Published : 1999.09.30

Abstract

Interleukin-6(IL-6) stimulate osteoclast differentiation. $17{\beta}$-estradiol, 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin $D_3$(1,25-$(OH)_2D_3$) and interleukin-$1{\beta}$ inhibit or stimulate osteoclast differentiation by decreasing or increasing the synthesis of interleukin-6(IL-6) from stromal/osteoblastic cells, respectively. Periodontal ligament(PDL) cells reside between the alveolar bone and the cementum and have osteoblastic characteristics. To estimate the effect of $17{\beta}$-estradiol and 1,25$(OH)_2D_3$ on IL-6 production of PDL cells, PDL cells were treated with $17{\beta}$-estradiol or 1,25-$(OH)_2D_3$ in the absence or the presence of IL-$1{\beta}$. The concentration of IL-6 produced form PDL cells was determined by enzym linked immunosorbent assay(ELISA). In unstimulated PDL cells, we detected constitutive production of IL-6 at 1st and 2nd day. IL-$1{\beta}$ increased IL-6 synthesis at 1st day and 2nd day. $17{\beta}$-estradiol had no significant effect on the secretion of this cytokine, either constitutively or after stimulation with IL- $1{\beta}$(0.05 ng/ml). 1,25-$(OH)_2D_3$($10^{-8}M$) decreased not only constitutive IL-6 production but also IL-$1{\beta}$-induced IL-6 production at 2nd day. These results suggest that 1,25-$(OH)_2D_3$ may control IL-$1{\beta}$-induced osteoclast differentiation by decreasing IL-$1{\beta}$-induced IL-6 secretion of PDL cells.