Radiographic Differential Diagnosis between the Fibrous Dysplasia and the Ossifying Fibroma

섬유성이형성증과 골화섬유종의 방사선학적 감별진단

  • Choi Karp-Shik (Department of Dental Radiology, College of Dentistry, Kyungpook National University)
  • 최갑식 (경북대학교 치과대학 치과방사선학교실)
  • Published : 1999.02.01

Abstract

The author observed and compared the radiographic features of 49 cases of the fibrous dysplasia and 14 cases of the ossifying fibroma in the osteoblastic or mature stage radiologically and histopathologically. The obtained results were as follows: 1. Fibrous dysplasia occurred most frequently in the 2nd decade, but ossifying fibroma in the 3rd and 4th decades, and both lesions occurred with slight predilection in females. 2. In most cases, chief complaints were painless facial swelling. And 61.1% of fibrous dysplasia occurred in the maxilla, 92.9% of ossifying fibroma in the mandible, and most of these lesions occurred in the premolar-molar region. 3. In the mandibular lesions, ossifying fibroma was shown more oval and round shape. but fibrous dysplasia was shown fusiform shape. 4. Fibrous dysplasia was shown homogeneously distributed. complete radiopaque shadow at 63%, and ossifying fibroma was shown concentric. mixed appearance of radiolucent and radiopaque shadow at 92.9%. 5. Fibrous dysplasia was entirely shown poorly outlined and blended to normal surrounding bone, but ossifying fibroma was shown well-defined border. 6. Cortical thinning and expansion were observed in these lesions. but degree of cortical expansion was more severe in ossifying fibroma than fibrous dysplasia. 7. Loss of lamina dura. tooth displacement. and displacement of mandibular canal were observed in both lesions. but root resorption was observed in ossifying fibroma only.