The Effect of the Educational Program on Caring-Confidence and Rearing Attitude in Mothers with Newborns

신생아 돌보기 교육이 어머니의 자신감과 양육태도에 미치는 효과

  • Cho Kyoul-Ja (Department of Nursing, College of Medicine, Kyung Hee University) ;
  • Lee Kun Ja (Department of Nursing, Kachun Gil College) ;
  • Lee Ohk Jaa (Department of Nursing, College of Medicine, Kyung Hee University)
  • 조결자 (경희대학교 의과대학 간호학과) ;
  • 이군자 (가천 길대학 간호과) ;
  • 이옥자 (경희대학교 의과대학 간호학과)
  • Published : 1999.02.01

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to find whether the educational program contributed to the increase of caring confidence and rearing attitude of the newborn mothers. The subjects for this study were 40 newborn mothers-20 control group and 20 experimental group-who delivered a normal neonate and were gotten general informations from the nurses at the K medical center in Seoul. Especially, the experimental group was educated for 30-40 minutes in maternal educational program through lectures, demonstrations, discussion with textbooks and visual materials by a researcher at 2-3 days after delivery. The data were collected two times-at 2-3 days after delivery and at 4 weeks after discharge-from October, 1998 to January, 1999 by investigators interviewing with a structured questionnaire. Pharis(1978)'s self confidence scale was used after some modification to measure caring confidence and Cohler's maternal attitude scale to check mother's rearing attitude. Analysis of data was done by using of frequency, %, x²-test, Independent sample t-test. The results of this study were as follows ; 1. The Confidence of the experimental group was significant higher than the control group (t=2.519, p=.016) and the rearing attitude changed more positively(t=5.545, p=.000). 2. In the confidence scale, the statements having a significant change were holding a baby, changing diapers, feeding, and caring umblicus. 3. In the rearing attitude scale, the statements having a significant change were 12 of 20 statements.