Dyeing of Treditional Fabrics with Natural Dyeing

전통직물의 천연염료 염색에 관한 연구

  • Chung, In-Mo (Department of Sericulture & Entomology National Institute of Agriculture Science & Technology, R.D.A.) ;
  • Lee, Yong-Woo (Department of Sericulture & Entomology National Institute of Agriculture Science & Technology, R.D.A.) ;
  • Woo, Soon-Ok (Department of Sericulture & Entomology National Institute of Agriculture Science & Technology, R.D.A.)
  • 정인모 (농업과학기술원 잠사곤충부) ;
  • 이용우 (농업과학기술원 잠사곤충부) ;
  • 우순옥 (농업과학기술원 잠사곤충부)
  • Published : 1999.06.01

Abstract

The dyeing experiments were done by using tannin pigments and herbs for natural fabrics such as ramie, hemp and silk. The anti-bacterial ability and color fastness were examined for dyed fabrics. Dye materials containing tannin pigment such as oak tree leaf showed rich dyeing on ramie, hemp, and silk fabrics when the pH of dye solution is lower as well as the dyeing temperature is higher. In crimson dyeing, the colour of fabric showed red-purple when the crimson pigment was extracted at 40$^{\circ}C$, while yellow-red when extracted above 70$^{\circ}C$. The colour fastness of dye materials containing tannin pigment was excellent showing 3~4 grade or above, while most of those derived from chinese medicine showed poor colour fastness of below 3 grade. The anti-bacterial ability of dye materials derived from chinese medicine was high, since the sappan wood fabric showed low bacteria reduction rate.