Solid Culture of Phosphate-solubilizing Fungus, Penicillium sp. PS-113

인산가용화 사상균 Penicillium sp. PS-113의 고체배양

  • Kang, Sun-Chul (Department of Biotechnology, College of Engineering, Taegu University) ;
  • Choi, Myoung-Chul (Department of Biotechnology, College of Engineering, Taegu University)
  • 강선철 (대구대학교 공과대학 생물공학과) ;
  • 최명철 (대구대학교 공과대학 생물공학과)
  • Published : 1999.02.01

Abstract

A fungus, Penicillium sp. PS-113, isolated from soil showed the high phosphate-solubilizing activity in patato dextrose broth-rock phosphate to produce free phosphates to the culture broth with the concentrations of 585 ppm against rock phosphate. In this medium, the optimum temperature and initial pH to solubilize rock phosphate were 30$^{\circ}C$ and pH 7.5, respectively. In order to make the mass production of the conidia from this fungus, we cultured in on various solid-based media like barley, corn, wheat, rice, rice bran, and compost. As a result, the fungus highly produced conidia ranging from 2.1 to $5.1{\times}10_9$ conidia/g${\cdot}$media on these solid media except compost-based medium, which was 0 times less than others. Effects of inoculation of the phosphate solubilizing fungus as a biofertilizer were studied in perlite-based pot cropped with Zea mays Suwon 19. Inoculation of Penicillium sp. PS-113 increased in plant height (1.4 times), plant weight (5.2~8.1 times) and root length (1.1~1.2 times) at 60-day cultivation, compared to Hogland solution either without $NH_4H_2PO_4$ or displace $NH_4H_2PO_4$ to powdered rock phosphate, a phosphorus source for plant growth.

Keywords

Solid culture;phosphate-solubilizing fungus;Penicilium sp. PS-113