Effect of Insecticide Carbofuran and Phenobarbital Sodium and 3-Methylcholanthrene on Activity of Enzyme in Rat

살충제 Carbofuran과 Phenobarbital Sodium 및 3-Methylcholanthrene이 쥐의 효소활성에 미치는 영향

  • Published : 1999.12.30

Abstract

Effect of insecticide carbofuran and phenobarbital sodium(PB) or 3-methylcholanthrene(3-MC), they were orally administered by the chemicals, alone or in combination, on activities of several enzymes in rats were investigated. In in vivo test for the effect of this chemicals on activity of enzyme in rat, activities of acetylcholinesterase(AChE) and butyrylcholinesterase(BuCheE) were inhibited by $20{\sim}70%$ for 48 hrs after the oral administration of carbofuran alone of 3.8mg/kg, whereas those were lowered at the beginning, but recovered to the control level after 24 hrs, in case of the mixed administration of carbofuran+PB or carbofuran+3-MC. The activity of glutathione S-transferase(GST) was inhibited by more than 15 to 35% for an early period of 0.5 to 6 hrs, in the case of the administration of carbofuran alone, whereas that was slightly inhibited at the beginning, recovered almost to the control level after 3 hrs, and raised by mere than 20% above the control after 6 hrs, in case of the mixed administration of carbofuran+PB or carbofuran+3-MC. When carbofuran was administered alorig with PB or 3-MC, the activities of UDP-glucuronosyltransferase(UDPGT) and cytochrome P-450 were more than 2.6 to 2.8 times higher than that in the case of the administration of carbofuran alone for 6 hrs. These results suggest that a simultaneous application of carbofuran and PB or 3-MC is critical for the enhancentment of activity of GST, UDPGT and cytochrome P450 and the protection of rat from carbofuran toxicity.

Keywords

carbofuran;phenobarbital sodium;3-methylcholanthrene;detoxification;enzyme activity