- Volume 8 Issue 1
Permeation of Organic Chemicals through Gasketed Cast Iron Pipe
주물 파이프 Gasket을 통한 유기화학물질의 이동
- Yong-Chan Seo (Dept. of Environmental Engineering, Sangji University) ;
- Nack-Joo Kim (Department of Fine Chemistry, Seoul National University of Technology)
- Published : 1999.02.01
Four cast iron pipe sections containing 3 styrene butadiene rubber (SBR) gaskets (1 joint and 2 end caps) were filled with water and maintained at approximately 40 psi internal pressure. The pipe sections were placed inside 16 gallon drums filled with initially clean sand. Three of the tanks were subsequently contaminated with gasoline, gasoline spiked with pyrene and naphthalene, and toluene. The forth tank served as a control. The water inside each pipe was monitored over time for organic chemical contamination. Permeation of organic chemicals into the water inside the pipe systems was found to occur in all 3 contaminated pipe systems after approximately 100 days as measured organic chemicals concentrations were significantly above those in the uncontaminated cell. Flushing experiments in which the water inside the contaminated pipes was replaced with initially clean water showed that organic chemical concentrations inside the pipe rapidly (12 days) reached their preflushing levels.
organic chemicals;gasketed cast iron pipe
- Perry's Chemical Engineer's Handbook(6th ed.) Perry, R.H.(et al.)
- J. Amer. Water Works Assoc. Organic Chemical Contamination of Potable Water through Gasket Joints Glaza, E. C.;Park, J. K.
- Groundwater v.28 no.3 Quantitative Analysis for the Cleanup of Hydrocarbon-Contaminated Soils by In-Situ Soil Venting Johnson, P. C.;Kemblowski, M. W.;Colthart, J. D.
- Evaluation of the Permeation of Organic Solvents through Gasketed Jointed and Unjointed Poly(Vinyl Chloride), Asbestos Cement and Ductile Iron Water Pipes Cassady, M. J.