Vertical and horizontal distribution of squids in relation to oceanographic structure in the North Pacific Ocean

북태평양 오징어류의 연직 및 수평분포

  • Published : 1999.05.01

Abstract

Vertical distribution of squids in relation to oceanographic structure was analyzed on the basis of experimental squid hand jigging fishing by R/V Pusan 851 in the area of 34°∼47° N, 150° E∼170°W in the North Pacific in summer from 1987 through 1993 with exception of 1991. The 6 species of squids showed different patterns of vertical and horizontal distribution as following; Boreopacific gonate squid (Gonatopsis borealis) were mainly caught in the layer of 71-80m fishing depth of the Subarctic Domain with water temperature of 6∼11℃ and salinity of 32.2∼33.6‰ and distributed in the latitudes of 41°∼43° N. Boreal clubhook squid (Onychoteuthis borealijaponica) were mainly caught in the layer of 11∼20m fishing depth of the Subarctic Domain with water temperature of 10∼12℃ and salinity of 32.9∼33.6‰ and distributed in the latitudes of 41°∼42N°. Tapanese flying squid (Todarodes pacificus) were mainly caught in the layer of 11∼20m fishing depth of the Transition Zone and the Subtropical Domain with water temperature of 15∼18℃ and salinity of 33.6∼34.0‰ and distributed in the latitudes of 40°∼42°N. Neon flying squid (Ommastrephes bartrami) were mainly caught in the layer of surface∼10m fishing depth of the Subarctic Convergence Zone and the Transition Zone with water temperature of 16∼17℃ and salinity of 33.7∼34.4‰ and distributed in the latitudes of 39 °∼41°N. Luminous flying squid (Symplectoteuthis luminosa) were mainly caught in the layer of 11 20m fishing depth of the Transition Zone and the Subtropical Domain with water temperature of 18∼20℃ and salinity of 33.8∼34.6‰ and distributed in the latitudes of 37°∼39°N. Purpleback flying squid (Symplectoteuthis oualaniensis) were mainly caught in the layer of surface∼10m fishing depth of the Subtropical Domain with water temperature of 24∼25℃ and salinity of 34.2∼34.4‰ and distributed in the latitude of 36°∼37°N.

Keywords