Analysis of the relationship between self-efficacy beliefs and industrial accidents

안전효능감과 산업재해의 관계 분석

  • 이관형 ;
  • 박동현
  • Published : 1999.06.01


Two studies were conducted to examine the relationship between self-efficacy beliefs and industrial accidents. In the preliminary study, focus group interviews were conducted with employees working in manufacturing and construction sector, safety managers, and government officials to understand factors that were associated with industrial accidents. Based on interviews, a questionnaire survey was constructed to assess individual factors (such as self-efficacy beliefs, following safety procedures, life-satisfaction, and stress) that were identified as affecting industrial accidents (such as minor and major accident rates). The questionnaire were administered to a total of 917 respondents (542 employees working in the manufacturing and construction sector, 210 safety managers, and 165 government employee officials overseeing government regulations). The result indicated that three subscales of self-efficacy for employees (self-regulation, enlisting social support, and controlling the environment) were negatively correlated with the company's industrial accident rates. Moreover, those employees with higher self-efficacy were more likely to follow safety procedures and had higher life-satisfaction and lower stress levels. For safety managers, the self-efficacy beliefs were positively correlated with better implementation and higher effectiveness of the educational programs and negatively correlated with their company's accident rates.