A study on the reaction rate of caramel type browning reaction

Caramel형 갈색화 반응속도에 관한 연구

  • 신민자 (경희대학교 조리과학과) ;
  • 안명수 (성신여자대학교 식품영양학과)
  • Published : 1999.11.01


The study was carried out to compare the reaction rate of caramel type browning reaction of xylose(XY), glocose(GL), sucrose(SU), glucose+citric acid(GLCA), glucose+sodiumcitrats(GLSC), glucose+glycine(GLGC) heated at 60, 80, 100, 120 and 140$^{\circ}C$ for 24 hours, respectively. 1. The color intensity (absorbance at 490 nm) of the browning reaction mixtures tends to increase as the browning reaction time gets longer and the browning of reaction temperature gets higher. But the degree of the intensity of SU and GLCA changes very little. 2. The reaction rate constant (K) was increased rapidly above 120$^{\circ}C$ and appeared maximum at 140$^{\circ}C$, especially GLGC (140.25) was the highest. The activation energy (Ea) of sugars. XY had the highest value (124.36 J/mol), while SU the lowest(104.68 J/mol). Mixtures of GLGC was shown to have higher activation energy (144.94 J/mol) than the sugar alone and Q$\_$10/ values of GLGC were 1.68-2.85. 3. The residual amount of reactants such as xylose, glucose, sucrose, citric acid, sodium citrate and glycine in each browning mixture were decreased upon the browning reaction temperature increasing. In the GLCA, GLSC and GLGC browning mixtures, respectively, the residual amounts of glucose were less than those with amino acid, organic acid and their salt.