A Study of Frozen Desert Containing Canola and Soybean Oils as a Replacement for Milk Fat

  • Im, Ji-Soon
  • Published : 1999.12.01

Abstract

This study was done to determine how added vegetable oils affect the physical, chemical and microbial properties of experimental frozen desserts. There were no differences in the percentages of total fat and total solids in the seven frozen desserts. Freezing points did not differ among treatments. There were significant differences in viscosity among the frozen desserts containing up to 80% of vegetable oils. Oil substitution at 30% or higher significantly decreased viscosity when compared to the milk fat control. The hardness of frozen desserts decreased significantly with increasing addition of oils. Oil substitution at 20% or higher significantly decreased hardness. Substitution of canola and soybean oils for milk fat increased melting rate. Initiation of fluid release in the control was slower than in frozen products with added oils. The SPC values and coliform counts of all frozen products were not significantly changed. Cholesterol content decreased significantly in the products as the vegetable oil content was raised. Frozen desserts containing 10% or 60% of vegetable oils in the total fat contained 91.8%, 73.5% or 32.5%, respectively, of the cholesterol in the control.

Keywords

frozen desserts;vegetable oils;milk fat;substitution;cholesterol