Characterization of Lipid Binding Region of Lipoprotein Lipase

  • Lee, Jae-Bok ;
  • Kim, Tae-Woong
  • Published : 1999.06.01

Abstract

Lipoprotein lipase (LPL) I san enzyme that catalyzed the hydrolysis of triacylglycerols of chylomicrons and VLDL to produce 20acylglycerols and fatty acids. The enzyme, LPL, is localized on the surface of the capillary endothelium and is widely distributed in extrahepatic tissues including heart, skeletal muscle and adipose tissue. LPL has been isolated from boving milk by affinity chromatography on heparin-separose in 2 M NaCL, 5mM barbital buffer, pH 7.4. To elucidate the lipid-binding regin, LPL was digested with trypsin and then separated by gel filtration. Lipid binding region of LPL has been investigated by recombining LPL peptides with DMPC vesicles. Proteolytic LPL fragments with DMPC were reassembled and stabilized by cholate. Lipid-binding region of LPL was identified by a PTH-automated protein sequencer, as AQQHYPVSAGYTK. The analysis of the secondary structure of the lipid-binding peptides revealed a higher probability of $\alpha$-helix structure compared to the whole LPL protein. The prediction of hydrophobicity of lipid -binding region was highly hydrophobic (-1.1) compared to LPL polypetide(-0.4).

Keywords

lipoprotein lipase (LPL);lipid binding region;protein sequence