Relationship between the Organic Content, Heavy Metal Concentration and Anaerobic Respiration Bacteria in the Sediments of Shiwha-ho

시화호 저니(Sediment)에서의 유기물 및 중금속 농도와 혐기성호흡세균과의 상관관계

  • 현문식 (한국과학기술원 수질환경연구센터) ;
  • 장인섭 (한국과학기술원 수질환경연구센터) ;
  • 박형수 (한국과학기술원 수질환경연구센터) ;
  • 김병홍 (한국과학기술원 수질환경연구센터) ;
  • 김형주 (한국과학기술원 수질환경연구센터) ;
  • 이홍금 (한국해양연구소 미생물연구실) ;
  • 권개경 (한국해양연구소 미생물연구실)
  • Published : 1999.06.01

Abstract

Anoxic sediments collected from Shiwha-ho area were used to find the relationship between the heavy-metal, organic content and anaerobic respiration bacteria by most probable number (MPN) method. Analysis of the sediments showed that COD content was higher in the sediments collected from Ansan-cheon and Shiwha-ho than those collected from sea area nearby. Particularly noticeable was the fact that heavy metal concentration was much higher in the sediments of Shiwha-ho area contaminated by heavy-metal, although they were rich in electron donor and electron acceptor for Fe(III)-reducing bacteria using lactate as an electron donor was in the range of 1.1$\times$106-4.6$\times$107MPNs/ml in the sediments collected from the sea-side of the lake, which were lower in heavy-methal concentration and higher in Fe-Mn content than those from other region. The number of Fe(III)-reducing bacteria using acetate as an electron donor was in the rang eof 4.3$\times$102-8.1$\times$105MPNs/ml in the same sediments. Chromate-reducing bacteria were more populated(4.6$\times$104-8.1$\times$105MPNs/ml) in the sediments contaminated by heavy metals. The number of sulfate-reducing bacteria wee counted in the sediments collected from the more contaminate inner-side than those from the sea-side of the lake.

Keywords

Fe(III)-reducing bacteria;chromate-reducing bacteria;sulfate-reducing bacteria;anaerobic respiration bacteria

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