Study on Biochemical Pollutant Markers for Diagnosis of Marine Pollution XI. Changes in Cholinesterase Activity of the Mussel (Mytilus coruscus) in the South Sea

해양오염의 진단을 위한 생화학적 오염지표에 관한 연구 XI. 남해산 홍합 (Mytilus coruscus)의 콜린에스테라아제의 변화

  • 최진호 (부경대학교 식품생명공학부 생화학교실) ;
  • 김대익 (부경대학교 식품생명공학부 생화학교실) ;
  • 박수현 (부경대학교 식품생명공학부 생화학교실) ;
  • 김동우 (부경대학교 해양식량자원개발 특성화사업단) ;
  • 박청길 (부경대학교 공과대학 환경공학과) ;
  • 양동범 (한국해양연구소 해양화학연구부)
  • Published : 1999.06.01

Abstract

This study was designed as a part of efforts to investigate the biochemical pollutant markers for diagnosis of marine pollutions by changes in cholinesterase activity of the mussel (Mytilus coruscus) in South Sea of Korea. Acetylcholinesterase (AChE) activities in muscle of cultured mussels in South Sea were remarkably lower (20∼41%, respectively) than those of wild mussel in Pohang(control) of East Sea. Acetylcholine (Ach) activities in muscle of cultured mussels in South Sea were remarkably lower (15∼30%, respectively) than those of wild mussel in Pohang of East Sea. Monoamineoxidase (MAO-B) activities in muscle of cultured mussels in South Sea were significantly 2∼19% higher than those of wild mussel in Pohang of East Sea. It suggests that AChE, ACh and MAO-B activities in muscle of cultured mussels of South Sea may be used as the most effective mean in a biochemical markers for early warning of environmental damages caused by organophosphorus pesticides.

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