Optical Properties of Cdlnsub 2Ssub 4 and Cdlnsub 2Ssub 4 : $CdIn_2S_4$$CdIn_2S_4 : Co^{2+}$Single Crystals

$CdIn_2S_4$$CdIn_2S_4 : Co^{2+}$ 단결정의 광학적 특성

  • Published : 1999.05.01

Abstract

$CdIn_2S_4 and CdIn_2S_4 : Co^{2+}$ singlecrystals of thenormal spinel structure were grown by the C.T.R. method. The optical energy band structure of these compounds had a indirect band gap at the fundamental optical absorption band edge. The direct and the indirect energy gaps are found to be 2.325 and2.179eV for $Cdln_2S_4$ , and 2.303 and 2.169eV for $CdIn_2S_4 and CdIn_2S_4 : Co^{2+}$ at 5K, respectivly. The fundamental absorption band edge of these single crystals shift to a shorter wavelength region with decreasing temperature, and the temperature dependence of the optical energy gaps in these compounds satisfy Varshni equation. The Varshni constants$\alpha and \beta$ of the direct energy gap are given by $13.39{\times}10_{-4}eV/K$ and 509 K for $Cdln_2S_4$ and $29.73{\times}10_{-4} eV/K$ and 1398K for $CdIn_2S_4 and CdIn_2S_4 : Co^{2+}$. The Varshni constants ${\alpha}and {\beta}$ of the indirect energy gap are given by 9.68${\times}10^{-4}$ eV/K 308K for $Cdln_2S_4$ and $13.33{\times}10_{-4}eV/K$ and 440K for $CdIn_2S_4 : Co^{2+}$ respectivly. The impurity optical absorption peaks due to cobalt dopant are observed in $CdIn_2S_4 : Co^{2+}$ single crystal. These impurity optical absorption peaks can be attributed to the electronic transitions between the split energy levels of $Co_{2+}$ ions located at $T_d$ symmetry site of $Cdln_2S_4$ host lattece.

Keywords

$CdIn_2S_4$;$CdIn_2S_4 : Co^{2+}$ single crystals;Crystal structure;Optical energy gap;Impurity optical absorption;Electronic transition;Tsub d symmetry site of Cdlnsub 2Ssub 4 host lattece

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