Effects of the Hinge Region of Cecropin A(1-8)-Melittin 2(1-12), a Synthetic Antimicrobial Peptide on Antibacterial, Antitumor, and Vesicle-Disrupting Activity

  • Shin, Song-Yub (Peptide Engineering Research Unit, Korea Research Institute of Bioscience and Biotechnology) ;
  • Kang, Joo-Hyun (Peptide Engineering Research Unit, Korea Research Institute of Bioscience and Biotechnology) ;
  • Jang, So-Yun (Peptide Engineering Research Unit, Korea Research Institute of Bioscience and Biotechnology) ;
  • Kim, KiI-Lyong (Peptide Engineering Research Unit, Korea Research Institute of Bioscience and Biotechnology) ;
  • Hahm, Kyung-Soo (Peptide Engineering Research Unit, Korea Research Institute of Bioscience and Biotechnology)
  • Received : 0
  • Accepted : 0
  • Published : 0

Abstract

CA(1-8)-ME(1-12) [CA-ME], composed of cecropin A(1-8) and melittin(1-12), is a synthetic antimicrobial peptide having potent antibacterial and antitumor activities with minimal hemolytic activity. In order to investigate the effects of the flexible hinge sequence, Gly-Ile-Gly, of CA-ME on antibiotic activity, CA-ME and three analogues, CA-ME1, CA-ME2, and CA-ME3, were synthesized. The Gly-Ile-Gly sequence of Ca-ME was deleted in CA-ME1 and replaced with Pro and Gly-Pro-Gly in CA-ME2 and CA-ME3, respectively. CA-ME1 and CA-ME3 showed a significant decrease in antitumor activity and phospholipid vesicle-disrupting ability. However, CA-ME2 showed similar antitumor and vesicle-disrupting activities, as compared with CA-ME. These results suggest that the flexibility or ${\beta}$-turn induced by Gly-Ile-Gly or Pro in the central part of CA-ME may be important in the electrostatic interaction of the N-terminus cationic ${\alpha}$-helical region with the cell membrane surface and the hydrophobic interaction of the C-terminus amphipathic ${\alpha}$-helical region with the hydrophobic acyl chains in the cell membrane. CA-ME3 exhibited lower antitumor and vesicle-disrupting activities than CA-ME and CA-ME2. This result suggests that the excessive ${\beta}$-turn structure caused by the Gly-Pro-Gly sequence in CA-ME3 seems to interrupt ion channel/pore formation in the lipid bilayer. We concluded that the appropriate flexibility or bilayer. We concluded that the appropriate flexibility or ${\beta}$-turn structure provided by the central hinge is responsible for the effective antibiotic activity of the antimicrobial peptides with the helix-hinge-helix structure.

Keywords

Antitumor activity;CA(1-8)-ME(1-12);Helix-hinge-helix structure;Hinge region;Vesicle-disrupting activity