Requirement of EGF Receptor Kinase for Signaling by Calcium-Induced ERK Activation and Neurite Outgrowth in PC12 Cells

  • Park, Jung-Gyu (Bioanalysis and Biotransformation Research Center, Korea Institute of Science and Technology) ;
  • Jo, Young-Ah (Bioanalysis and Biotransformation Research Center, Korea Institute of Science and Technology) ;
  • Kim, Yun-Taik (Department of Life Science, Sogang University) ;
  • Yoo, Young-Sook (Bioanalysis and Biotransformation Research Center, Korea Institute of Science and Technology)
  • Received : 1998.06.01
  • Accepted : 1998.06.18
  • Published : 1998.09.30

Abstract

Membrane depolarization in PC12 cells induces calcium influx via an L-type voltage-sensitive calcium channel (L-VSCC) and increases intracellular free calcium, which leads to tyrosine phosphorylation of epidermal growth factor (EGF) receptor and the associated adaptor protein, She. This activated EGF receptor complex then can activate mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinase, as in nerve growth factor (NGF) receptor activation. In the present study, we investigated the role of EGF receptor in the signaling pathway initiated by membrane depolarization of PC12 cells. Prolonged membrane depolarization induced phosphorylation of extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) within 1 min in undifferentiated PC12 cells. Pretreatment of PC12 cells with the calcium chelator EGTA abolished depolarization-stimulated ERK phosphorylation, but NGF-induced phosphorylation of ERK was not affected. The chronic treatment of phorbol ester, which down-regulated the activity of protein kinase C (PKC), did not affect the phosphorylation of ERK upon depolarization. In the presence of an inhibitor of EGF receptor, neither depolarization nor calcium ionophore increased the level of ERK phosphorylation. These data imply that the EGF receptor is functionally necessary to activate ERK and neurite outgrowth in response to the prolonged depolarization in PC12 cells, and also that PKC is apparently not involved in this signaling pathway.

Keywords

Depolarization;Extracellular signal-regulated kinase;Neurite outgrowth;PC12 cells