Implication of Angiogenesis and Expression of VEGF in Follicular Thyroid Tumor

여포상 갑상선종양에서 신생혈관형성 및 혈관내피성장인자(VEGF)의 발현의 의의

  • Ryu Ki-Sun (Department of Surgery, Ajou University School of Medicine) ;
  • Soh Euy-Young (Department of Surgery, Ajou University School of Medicine) ;
  • Yim Hyun-Ee (Department of Pathology, Ajou University School of Medicine) ;
  • Kim Myung-Wook (Department of Surgery, Ajou University School of Medicine)
  • 류기선 (아주대학교 의과대학 외과학교실) ;
  • 소의영 (아주대학교 의과대학 외과학교실) ;
  • 임현이 (아주대학교 의과대학 해부병리학교실) ;
  • 김명욱 (아주대학교 의과대학 외과학교실)
  • Published : 1998.05.01

Abstract

Tumor growth and metastasis depends on angiogenesis. Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) is a potent mitogen for vascular endothelial cells in vitro and promotes neoangiogenesis in vivo. Objective: Follicular thyroid cancers(FTC) are a vascular tumor and traditionally metastasize via blood vessels. Likely other cancers, angiogenesis may playa important role in FTC. We, therefore, investigated the expression of VEGF and microvascular density by immunohistochemistry in FTC and follicular adenoma(FA). Materials and Methods: Findings of immunohistochemical stainings for VEGF and CD31 were measured by grading scale from +1 to 4+(strongest) and by counting the stained microvessels in 14 FTCs and 14 FAs. Results: 1) Expression of VEGF. a) FTCs have stronger expression than FAs in areas of tumor adjacent to capsule($mean{\pm}SD\:\;3.2{\pm}0.9\;vs\;2.0{\pm}0.9$, p<0.01) and in central area($2.3{\pm}0.7\;vs\;1.3{\pm}0.6$, p<0.01). b) The VEGF expression of capsular area in FTCs are higher than that of central area(p<0.05). 2) Microvascular density by CD31. a) FTCs have more microvessels than FAs in areas of adjacent to capsule($78.9{\pm}27.3\;vs\;38.7{\pm}15.6$, p<0.01) and in central area($75.5{\pm}23.3\;vs\;27.8{\pm}10.7$, p<0.01). b) In FTCs, the number of microvessels of capsular area are more than that of central tumor area, but not significant statistically(p>0.05). Conclusion: The higher expression of VEGF and microvascular density in FTC suggests angiogenesis plays an important role in progression of FTC.