Radiation-Induced Grafting of Acrylic Acid onto Cellulose : II. Effects of Multi-Functional Monomer and Acid on the Grafting

셀룰로오스에 아크릴산의 방사선 그라프트 반응: II. 다관능성 단량체와 산의 첨가 효과

  • Kwon, Oh Hyun (Dept. of Industrial Chemistry, College of Engineering, Hanyang University) ;
  • Nho, Young Chang (Radioisotopes.Radiation Application Team, Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute) ;
  • Lee, Young Moo (Dept. of Industrial Chemistry, College of Engineering, Hanyang University)
  • 권오현 (한양대학교 공과대학 공업화학과) ;
  • 노영창 (한국원자력연구소 하나로센터 동위원소.방사선응용연구팀) ;
  • 이영무 (한양대학교 공과대학 공업화학과)
  • Received : 1997.11.27
  • Accepted : 1998.03.05
  • Published : 1998.06.10

Abstract

Cellulose grafted with acrylic acid(AAc) was prepared by radiation grafting technique. The effects of reaction temperature. reaction time, monomer concentration, and the crosslinkers on the AAc grafting reaction on cellulose were examined. The amount of AAc grafted on the cellulose reached maximum at the concentration of 0.75vol% difunctional crosslinker and 1.0vol% trifunctional crosslinker, respectively. In the presence of acid, the amount of AAc grafted on the cellulose was decreased when reaction solution contains difunctional crosslinker, while that was increased when reaction solution contains trifunctional crosslinker. In the grafting reaction of cellulose with AAc and TMETA, mixture containing ferrous sulfate and acid enhanced further AAc grafting yield than mixture containing ferrous sulfate only.

Keywords

References

  1. J. Polym. Sci v.55 G. Odian;M. Sobel;A. Rossi;R. Klein
  2. J. of Korea Ind. & Eng. Chemistry v.7 Y. C. Nho;J. H. Jin
  3. Discussions Frarday Soc v.29 E. Collison(et al.)
  4. J. Appl. Polym. Sci v.41 I. K. Mehta;S. Kumar;G. S. Chauhan;B. N. Misra
  5. Polym. Sci. & Technol v.8 G. S. Kang;J. H. Lee;H. B. Lee
  6. Radiation Chemistry v.54 A. Mazuyama
  7. Sep. Technol v.18 G. Ellinghorst(et al.)
  8. Radiat. Phys. Chem v.29 J. Okamoto
  9. J. Polym. Sci. Chem.Ed v.30 Y. C. Nho;J. L. Garnett;P. A. Drorjayn
  10. J. Membrane Sci v.58 S. Tsuneda;K. Saito;S. Frusaki
  11. J. Korean Ind. & Eng. Chem v.3 Y. C. Nho;J. L. Garnett
  12. J. Mater. Sci v.3 A. T. Hemida;R. Pailler;R. Naslain
  13. Macromolecules v.25 Y. Ito;M. Inaba;D. J. Chung;I. Imanishi
  14. J. of Korea Ind & Eng. Chemistry v.7 J. S. Park;Y. C. Nho;J. H. Jin;M. Z. Lee
  15. J. Appl. Polym. Sci v.49 N. Kabay;A. Katakai;H. Egawa
  16. JPI Journal v.28 no.5 T. Sugo
  17. British Pat. 1,161,259 P. M. Cook