Synthesis of Polyamine Type Flocculant and Properties in Potable Water Treatment

Polyamine계 고분자 응집제의 합성 및 상수 처리 특성

  • Park, Lee-Soon (Dept. of Polymer Science, Kyungpook National University) ;
  • Shin, June-Ho (Dept. of Polymer Science, Kyungpook National University) ;
  • Choi, Sang-June (Dept. of Environ. Eng., Kyungpook National University) ;
  • Shin, Myung-Chul (Dept. of Environ. Eng., Kyungpook National University) ;
  • Lee, Seok-Hun (Dept. of Chem. Eng., Kyungpook National University)
  • 박이순 (경북대학교 고분자공학과) ;
  • 신준호 (경북대학교 고분자공학과) ;
  • 최상준 (경북대학교 환경공학과) ;
  • 신명철 (경북대학교 환경공학과) ;
  • 이석훈 (경북대학교 화학공학과)
  • Received : 1998.02.03
  • Accepted : 1998.03.09
  • Published : 1998.08.10

Abstract

Polyamine type polymer flocculants were synthesized and their characterization, viscosity and flocculation studies were conducted. In order to increase the molecular weight of polyamine flocculant which was prepared by polycondensation reaction from dimethylamine and epichlorohydrin, a small amount of 1,6-hexanediamine was employed. The incorporation of 1,6-hexanediamine up to 5.5 mole % replacing corresponding part of dimethylamine gave a branched type polyamine sample with increased intrinsic viscosity ([${\eta}$]=0.46 in 1 wt % aqueous NaCl solution). The amount of 1,6-hexanediamine above 5.5 mole %, however, resulted in gelation during polymerization. Utilizing raw water from Maegok potable water treatment plant, it was found that the addition of polyamine flocculant at a concentration of 1 mg/L level could reduce the amount of polyaluminum chloride (PAC) inorganic flocculant by half (15 mg/L). It was also observed that the incoporation of polyamine flocculant at 1 mg/L level was effective in the higher pH raw water, while PAC inorganic flocculating agent alone was not effective.

Acknowledgement

Grant : 고도정수기술

Supported by : 환경부

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