A Study on Properties of the Urethane Prepolymer Synthesis with Polyether-diol and Aromatic Diisocyanate System

폴리에테르-디올과 방향족 디이소시아네이트계의 우레탄 프리폴리머 합성에 따른 특성연구

  • Received : 1997.11.20
  • Accepted : 1998.04.15
  • Published : 1998.08.10

Abstract

The composition of isocyanates and polyols influence prepolymeric properties of adhesive and calking sealant based on polyurethanes (PU). One component moisture curing prepolymers, which reacted with surface humidity of substrate, were synthesized in several kinds of composition. Reactivity, structural change and properties of the prepolymers were studied as a preliminary step to manufacture PU based adhesive and sealant. To study the effects of mole ratio ([NCO]/[OH]), we used toluene diisocyanate (TDI), 4, 4'-diphenylmethane diisocyanate (MDI), and ether-polyols such as PTMG and PPG which have good resistance to hydrolysis and excellent low-temperature properties. The each prepolymers could be prepared in different molecular weight without any significant structural change. The mole ratio 1.78 of [NCO] to [OH] showed the fastest reactivity. It was confirmed that effect of polyols was larger than that of isocyanates on the prepolymer in reactivity. Several kinds of compounds were manufactured with each prepolymer, and tensile and properties were tested. And the optimum quantity of curing accelerator for the PU was 0.05~0.1%. In the tensile test, TDI based PU was superior to MDI based PU, and also PTMG based PU was superior PPG based PU.

Keywords

Diisocyanate;Ether-polyol;Urethane-prepolymer

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