A Study on Phase Behavior of CO2-Acetonitrile and CO2-Acrylonitrile System at High Pressure

고압에서 CO2-아세토니트릴과 CO2-아크릴로니트릴계에 대한 상거동에 관한 연구

  • Byun, Hun-Soo (Department of Chemical Engineering, Yosu National University) ;
  • Kim, Youn-Sop (Department of Chemical Engineering, Yosu National University) ;
  • Im, Jong-Kyun (Department of Chemical Engineering, Yosu National University)
  • 변헌수 (여수대학교 화학공학과) ;
  • 김윤섭 (여수대학교 화학공학과) ;
  • 임종균 (여수대학교 화학공학과)
  • Received : 1998.06.19
  • Accepted : 1998.08.13
  • Published : 1998.11.10

Abstract

In this work, high pressure binary phase equilibria data of carbon dioxide with acetonitrile and acrylonitrile were obtained experimentally. A new static type experimental apparatus was built to measure temperature, pressure and phase equilibria composition. The accuracy of the experimental apparatus was tested by comparing the measured phase equilibria data of the carbon dioxide-acetonitrile system at $75^{\circ}C$ with those of McHugh and coworkers. The binary phase behavior data of carbon dioxide-acetonitirle system were measured from 2.4 to 14.5 MPa at $55^{\circ}C$, $75^{\circ}C$ and $100^{\circ}C$. Also, the phase equilibria of the system carbon dioxide-acrylonitrile were measured from 1.6 MPa up to 13.9 MPa at $45^{\circ}C$, $65^{\circ}C$, $85^{\circ}C$ and $105^{\circ}C$. The solubility of acetonitrile and acrylonitrile increases as the temperatures increases at constant pressure. Also, these two carbon dioxide-polar solute system have continuous critical-mixture curves that exhibit maximums in pressure at temperatures between the critical temperatures of carbon dioxide and acetonitrile or acrylonitrile. The experimental data obtained in this study were modeled using the Peng-Robinson equation of state. Good agreement between calculated and experimental results was observed.

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