Distribution Pattern of Soil Actinomycetes on the Seasonal Change

계절에 따른 토양 방선균의 속 다양성 분포

  • Park, Dong-Jin (Korea Research Institute of Bioscience & Biotechnology, KIST) ;
  • Lee, Sang-Hwa (Korea Research Institute of Bioscience & Biotechnology, KIST) ;
  • Park, Sang Ho (Korea Research Institute of Bioscience & Biotechnology, KIST) ;
  • Kim, Chang-Jin (Korea Research Institute of Bioscience & Biotechnology, KIST)
  • Received : 1998.07.03
  • Accepted : 1998.09.12
  • Published : 1998.09.01

Abstract

From soils seasonally collected at two depths (0~2 cm, $50{\pm}1cm$) of forest, field, grass land, or paddy field, distinct strains of actinomycetes were isolated and identified to the genus level. The genus-diversity of soil actinomycetes was revealed to be considerably different by seasonal change. It was also affected by soil depths, soil types, or actinomycete groups. At the soil depth of 0~2 cm, the seasonal distribution fluctuation (%) of streptomycete strains was higher in grass land (41%), field (39%) soil than paddy field (18%), or forest (18%), whereas that of streptomycete strains at the soil depth of $50{\pm}1cm$ was high in order of paddy field (36%), field (28%), grass land (26%), and forest (16%). On the other hand, the seasonal distribution fluctuation ratio of rare actinomycete strains at the soil depth of 0~2 cm was above 45% except for paddy field (26%). At the soil depth of $50{\pm}1cm$, the seasonal distribution of rare actinomycete strains exhibited high fluctuation (%) in order of forest (79%), paddy field (36%), field (24%), and grass land (10%).

Keywords

seasonal change;soil actinomycetes;rare actinomyvetes;genus diversity