Role of C-terminal 7 Amino Acids of N4SSB Protein in Its in vivo Activity

N4SSB 단백질의 C-말단기의 7개의 아미노산이 N4SSB 단백질의 in vivo 활성에 미치는 영향

  • Choi, Mieyoung (Department of Microbiology, College of Natural Sciences, Sunmoon University)
  • 최미영 (선문대학교 자연과학대학 미생물학과)
  • Received : 1998.10.28
  • Accepted : 1998.11.24
  • Published : 1998.12.01

Abstract

Bacteriophage N4, a lytic phage specific for Esherichia coli K12 strain encodes single-stranded DNA-binding protein, N4SSB (bacteriophage N4-coded single-stranded DNA-binding protein). N4SSB protein is originally identified as a protein required for N4 DNA replication. N4SSB protein is also required for N4 late transcription, which is catalyzed by E. coli ${\sigma}^{70}$ RNA polymerase. N4 late transcription does not occur until N4SSB protein is synthesized. Recently it is reported that N4SSB protein is essential for N4 DNA recombination. Therefore N 4SSB protein is a multifunctional protein required for N4 DNA replication, late transcription, and N4 DNA recombination. In this study, a variety of mutant N4SSB proteins containing internal deletions or substitutions were constructed to define and characterize domains important for N4 DNA replication, late transcription, and N4 DNA recombination. Test for the ill vivo activity of these mutant N4SSBs for N4 DNA replication, late transcription, and N4 DNA recombination was examined. The results suggest that C-terminal 7 amino acid residues are important for the activity of N4SSB. Three lysine residues, which are contained in this region play important roles on N4SSB activity.

Keywords

DNA replication;recombination;single-stranded DNA-binding protein;transcription