Survey and Control of The Occurrence of Mycotoxins from Postharvest Vegetables in Korea (II) Detection of Major Mycotoxins from Diseased Spice Vegetables (Onions, Garlics and Peppers)

수확후 채소류에 발생하는 진균독소의 탐색과 방제 (II) 이병된 양념 채소류(양파, 마늘, 고추)에서 주요 진균독소 검출

  • Chung, Ill-Min (College of Agricultural and Life Science Kon-Kuk University) ;
  • Ju, Ho-Jong (College of Agricultural and Life Science Kon-Kuk University) ;
  • Sim, Sung-Chur (College of Agricultural and Life Science Kon-Kuk University) ;
  • Paik, Su-Bong (College of Agricultural and Life Science Kon-Kuk University) ;
  • Yu, Seung-Hun (Department of Agricultural Biology, College of Agriculture, Chungnam National University)
  • 정일민 (건국대학교 농업생명과학대학 식량자원학과) ;
  • 주호종 (건국대학교 농업생명과학대학 식량자원학과) ;
  • 심성철 (건국대학교 농업생명과학대학 식량자원학과) ;
  • 백수봉 (건국대학교 농업생명과학대학 식량자원학과) ;
  • 유승헌 (충남대학교 농과대학 농생물학과)
  • Received : 1997.11.03
  • Published : 1998.06.01

Abstract

The major mycotoxins were detected from peppers, onions and garlics infected postharvest pathogens, Alternaria, Penicillium and Fusarium. Analyses of the major mycotoxins were conducted using HPLC. Detected Alternaria mycotoxins per gram of infected postharvest peppers were alternariol (AOH) with amount ranged from small quantity to $440{\mu}g/g$, altenuene (ALT) with amount ranged from small quantity to $103{\mu}g/g$, tenuagonic acid (TeA) with amount ranged from 249 to $342{\mu}g/g$ and alternariol monomethyl ether (AME) with amount ranged from 206 to $294{\mu}g/g$. Penicillium toxins per gram of infected postharvest onions and garlics were citrinin with amount ranged from 2.8 to $18.4{\mu}g/g$, penicillun-G with amount ranged from no detection to $439.0{\mu}g/g$, penicillic acid with amount ranged from no detection to small quantity and patulin with amount ranged from no detection to small quantity. Fusarium toxins per gram of infected postharvest onions and garlics were fusaric acid with amount ranged from no detection to $553.6{\mu}g/g$. However, deoxyrivalenol and nivalenol were not detected from onins and garlics infected by Fusarium.

수확후 Alternaria, Penicillium 및 Fusarium에 이병된 고추, 양파, 마늘을 HPLC로 주요독소들을 검정한 결과 고추에서 Alternaria 독소의 AOH(alternariol)는 소량~$400{\mu}g/g$, ALT(alternuene)는 소량~$103{\mu}g/g$, TeA(tenuagonic acid)는 $249{\sim}342{\mu}g/g$ 및 AME(alternariol monomethyl ether)는 $206{\sim}294{\mu}g/g$이 검출되었고 양파, 마늘에서 Penicillium 독소의 citrinin이 $2.8{\sim}18.4{\mu}g/g$, penicillin-G는 $0{\sim}439.0{\mu}g/g$, penicillic acid는 $0{\sim}10.2{\mu}g/g$ 및 patulin은 $0{\sim}7.0{\mu}g/g$ 검출되었다. 그리고 양파, 마늘에서 Fusarium 독소로는 fusaric acid가 $0{\sim}553.6{\mu}g/g$ 검출되었을 뿐 deoxynivalenol과 nivalenol은 검출되지 않았다.

Acknowledgement

Supported by : 교육부