- Volume 28 Issue 1
A Radiographic study of Fibro-osseous lesions of the jaw bones
악골 섬유성 골병소의 방사선학적 연구
- Kwon Kyung-Yun (Department of Dental Radiology, College of Dentistry, Kyungpook National University) ;
- Choi Karp-Shik (Department of Dental Radiology, College of Dentistry, Kyungpook National University)
- Published : 1998.02.01
The purpose of this study was to obtain information on the clinical and radiographic features of the fibro-osseous lesions in the jaws. For this study, the author examined and analysed the clinical records and radiographs of 71 cases of 68 patients in fibrous dysplasia, 35 cases of ossifying fibroma and 30 cases of 16 patients of periapical cemental dysplasia diagnosed by clinical and radiographic or histopathological examinations. The obtained results were as followings: L Fibrous dysplasia occurred most frequently in the 2nd decade (30.0％), ossifying fibroma in the 3rd-4th decades, periapical cemental dysplasia in the 4th decade, and all of three lesions showed slight predilection in females. In most cases, chief complaints were painless facial swelling in fibrous dysplasia and ossifying fibroma, and periapical cemental dysplasia was found accidentally in radiographs. 2. Fibrous dysplasia was occurred more frequently in maxilla, ossifying fibroma in mandible and both lesions in premolar-molar area. Periapical cemental dysplasia was occurred most frequently in the mandibular anterior area. The size of fibrous dysplasia was larger than that of ossifying fibroma, and the shape of ossifying fibroma was more round and elliptical than fibrous dysplasia whose was fusiform. 3. Fibrous dysplasia was shown homogeneous radiopaque shadow of 57.6％ and ossifying fibroma & periapical cemental dysplasia were shown mixed appearance of radiolucency and radiopacity shadows at 74.2％, 60.0％, respectively. 4. Fibrous dysplasia was entirely shown poorly defined at 87.7％, but ossifying fibroma & periapical cemental dysplasia were shown well outlined at 60.0％, 70.0％, respectively. 5. Cortical thinning and expansion were observed in fibrous dysplasia and ossifying fibroma, and severe in ossifying fibroma than fibrous dysplasia, and those signs were not seen in periapical cemental dysplasia. Loss of lamina dura was dominant in fibrous dysplasia and root resorption was dominant in ossifying fibroma. Displacement of mandibular canal and the degree of the increase of vertical dimension were alike in both lesions. Displacement of maxillary sinus or nasal cavity, thinning & expansion of the maxillary sinus were dominant in fibrous dysplasia. 6. Polyostotic fibrous dysplasia was occurred at 5.9％, Multiple periapical cemental dysplasia at 43.7％. Occurrence rate in the edentulous area of fibrous dysplasia and ossifying fibroma were 7.0％, 8.6％, respectively.